The Complete Guide to Assamese Calendar and Why it is Important for Assamese People

The Assamese calendar is a traditional Hindu Luni-Solar Calendar. It was first introduced by the Ahom king Rudra Singha in 1583 CE. The calendar is based on the sidereal year, which is about 365 days and 6 hours long. It falls one day behind the Gregorian calendar every four years.

The Assamese Calendar has 12 months of thirty days each, two additional months of thirty-one days each and an intercalary month of 30 or 31 days every sixth year to make it more accurate with the tropical year.

What is the importance of an Assamese Calendar?

The Assamese calendar is a lunisolar calendar in which the months are based on lunar cycles. Unlike solar calendars, it does not use a leap year system.

The Assamese calendar is an important cultural feature of the people of Assam. It has been used for many centuries to regulate agricultural and other activities with some modifications in different periods.

What Does the New Year Look Like in an Assamese Calendar?

This article talks about Assamese New Year - also known as Bihu. It is a festival that celebrates the end of winter and the beginning of spring. It is celebrated in a big way in Assam but it is celebrated elsewhere too.

The article talks about the different preparations that go into celebrating Bihu, its significance to Assamese people and how it has been recognized by UNESCO.

Bihu is a three-day harvest festival celebrated by Assamese people in the Indian state of Assam. It is one of many harvest festivals observed in various parts of India and it signifies the end of winter. It is a time when paddy harvesting is complete and rice has been husked.

Bihu songs are traditionally sung by people who go from house to house, village to village singing.

How does an Assamese Calendar Work?

The Assamese calendar is a sidereal solar calendar and follows the traditional Hindu Luni-solar calendar.

There are 12 months with 28 days in a month, and 7 extra days known as the “Panchadashi”. The Panchadashi are distributed amongst 5 of the 12 months. These 5 months are called “Panchamasa” or "Pancha masa".

Just like any other solar calendar, it has a leap year which adds an additional day to ensure that the year progresses evenly over time.

What Do the Names of Each Month Mean?

Assamese month names are derived from the words in ancient Assamese language. These words have different meanings and are often associated with the respective months.

The word “masa” means “month” and is also called as “Bohag Bihu” which means “Bihu Festival”.

How to use your Assamese Calendar effectively

The Asom Calendar is a traditional calendar from the Indian state of Assam. It is a solar-based calendar, and the years are usually numbered from 1 to 888.

The Asom Calender starts with the year 1 and is followed with various dates in the form of “baal”, “ghaati/kaati”, “paraatii” etc. The days in a week are called “chapaal” and they start on Sunday. Each month has four weeks (called “paanchi baal”) and each week has five days (called “paanchi chapaal).

The Future of The Assamese Calendar

In this section, I will be talking about the future of the Assamese Calendar. The calendar is an important part of our culture and heritage, and it is necessary for us to preserve it.

The future of the Assamese calendar is uncertain because there are many different views about the importance of keeping it alive. Some people argue that we should keep it alive for its traditional value, while others argue that we should keep it alive because it gives identity to Assamese people . It is important to preserve our culture and heritage because without them, we would not be able to tell ourselves apart from other cultures. We can do this by preserving the calendar among other things like language and religion.

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